Wednesday, December 22, 2010

40 Traditions of Prophet PBUH regarding mourning

The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him and 
his progeny [Ahlul bayt]) has said: 

Those people from amongst my ummah, who memorise forty traditions 
pertaining to those issues of religion, which they are in need of, 
Allah shall resurrect them on the Day of Judgment as jurisprudents and 

[Bihar al-Anwaar, vol. 2, p. 156; Al-Ikhtasaas, p.2]

1. The heat of Imam Hussain's love:

The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) said:

Surely, there exists in the hearts of the Mu' mineen, with respect to 
the martyrdom of Hussain ( A.S.), a heat that never subsides. 

Mustadrak al-Wasail, vol. 10,pg. 318

2. A'ashura- A day of grief:

Imam Ali Reza (A.S.) said:

The one for whom the day of A'shura is a day of tragedy, grief and 
weeping, Allah The Mighty, The Glorious, shall make the Day of 
Judgment, a day of joy and happiness for him. 

Bihar al-Anwar, vol,: 44, pg: 284

3. Muharram - The month of mourning:

Imam Ali Reza (A.S.) said:

With the advent of the month of Muharram, my father Imam Musa Kazim 
(A.S.) would never be seen laughing; gloom and sadness would overcome 
him for (the first) ten days of the month; and when the tenth day of 
the month would dawn, it would be a day of tragedy, 
grief and weeping for him. 

Amaali Saduq, pg,:111

4. High status of the eyes that weep for Imam Hussain (AS):

The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) said:

O' Fatimah! Every eye shall be weeping on the Day of Judgment except 
the eye which has shed tears over the tragedy of Hussain ( A.S.) for 
surely, that eye shall be laughing and shall be given the glad tidings 
of the bounties and comforts of Paradise.

Bihar al-Anwar, vol,: 44;pg,:293

5. Reward of the martyred companions:

Imam Reza (A.S.) said (to one of his companions):

If you desire that for you be the reward equivalent to that of those 
martyred along with Husain (A.S.), then whenever you remember him say: 
'Oh! Would that I had been with them! A great achievement would I have 

Wasaail al-Shia'h, vol.14, pg. 502

6. The customary mourning Abu Haroon al-Makfoof said:

I presented myself before Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S.) whereupon he said to 
me: "Recite for me a poetry" and so I recited for him. He said "Not in 
this manner. Recite for me as you recite poems and elegies over the 
grave of Hussain (A.S.)" and so I recited for him (again). 

Bihar al-Anwar,Vol.:44, pg.: 287.

7. Reward for reciting poetry about Imam Hussain (A.S.):

Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S.) said: 

There is none who recites poetry about Husain (A.S.) and weeps and 
makes others weep by means of it, except that Allah makes Paradise 
incumbent upon him and forgives his sins. 

Rijal al-Shaikh al-Tusi, pg.: 289.

8. People of eulogies and elegies :

Imam Jafar Sadiq(A.S.)said:

All praise is for Allah, who has placed amongst the people, those who 
arrive in our presence, eulogizing us and reciting elegies about us. 

Wasail al-Shia'h Vol.: 10, pg.: 469

9. Poetry recitation during the period of mourning:

Imam Ali Reza (A.S.) said (to De'bil, a poet sincereiy 
devoted to the Ahlul bayt): 

I desire that you recite for me poetry, for surely, these days (of the 
month of Muharram) are the days of grief and sorrow, which have passed 
over us, Ahlul Bayt.

Mustadrak al-Wasail, vol. 10, pg. 386. 

10. Shi'ites- The companions and associates:

Imam Ali (A.S.) said:

Surely, Allah has chosen for us followers (Shi'ites), who assist us and 
are happy at our happiness and are sad in our sadness. 

Ghurar al-Hikam, Vol: 1/ pg.: 235.

11. Paradise - The recompense of A'zadari (mourning):

Imam Ali Ibn al-Husain(A.S) used to say:

Every Mu'min, whose eyes shed tears upon the killing of Husain Ibn' 
Ali( A.S.) and his companions, such that the tears roll down his 
cheeks, Allah shall accommodate him in the elevated rooms of paradise.

Yannaabe' al-Mawaddah, pg.: 429.

12. In remembrance of the children of Syeda Fatimah ( A.S.):

Imam Ali Ibn al-Husain(A.S) said:

Surely, I have never brought to mind the martyrdom of the children of 
Fatimah (A.S.) except that I have been choked with tears due to it.

Bihar al-Anwar, Vol.: 46, Pg.: 109.

13. Mourning in the houses
For those unable to go for the ziarat of Imam Husain (A.S.):

 on the day of A'shura, Imam Baqir (A.S.) mentions 
the manner of performing A'zadari as follows: 

He should mourn over Husain (A.S.), weep for him and instruct the 
members of the house to weep for him. He should establish the mourning 
ceremony in the house by exhibiting lamentions and grief over him; the 
people should meet one another in their homes and offer condolences and 
consolations to each other over the calamities which befell him. 

Kaamil al-Ziyaraat, Pg.: 175.

14. Imam Ali (A.S.) weeps grieving the martyrs of Karbala:

Imam Muhammad Baqir (A.S.) said:

Amirul Mu'mineen Ali (A.S.), along with two of his companions, happened 
to pass by Karbala and as he did so, tears filled his eyes. He said (to 
them), "This is the resting place of their animals; and this is where 
their luggage shall be laid down; and it is here that their blood shall 
be shed. Blessed are you O' Earth, that the blood of the beloved shall 
be spilled upon you." 

Bihar al-Anwar, Vol.: 44, pg.: 258

15. Tears - Barrier between a mourner and hell:

Imam Muhammad Baqir (A.S.) said:

He who remembers us, or in whose presence, we are remembered, and (as a 
result) tears flow from his eyes, even though they may be in the 
measure of a wing of a mosquito, Allah shall construct for him a house 
in paradise and make the tears a barrier between him and the fire (of hell). 

Al-Ghadeer, Vol.: 2, pg.: 202

16. Twenty years of weeping! Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S.) said:

As for A'li Ibn al-Husain (A.S.), he cried over Husain (A.S.) for 
twenty years (after the tragedy of Karbala); never would any food be 
placed before him except that he would begin to weep. 

Bihar al-Anwar, Vol.: 46, Pg.: 108

17. The etiquette of mourning

Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S.) said:

When Ibrahim, the son of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) died, tears filled 
the eyes of the Holy Prophet ( S.A.W.), whereupon he said, "The eyes 
are tearful and the heart is anguished (but) we shall not say anything 
which shall anger the Lord. Surely we, 
O' Ibrahim, are grief-stricken for you"

Bihar al-Anwar, Vol.: 22,Pg.: 157. 

18. Reward of mourning for the Ahlul bayt (AS)

Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S.) said:

He in whose presence we (and our miseries) are mentioned and, as a 
result, his eyes pour out tears, Allah shall make his face forbidden 
upon the fire of hell. 

Bihar al-Anwar, Vol.: 44, Pg., 285.

19. Hussaini gatherings:

Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S.) said to Fudhail:

Do you sit together, talk and discuss amongst yourselves? 

Fudhail replied: Yes.

The Imam then said: I approve of these sittings. So keep our 'issue' 
(Imamate) alive. May Allah exhibit mercy on those 
who revive our issue and mission!

Wasail al-Shia'h, vol.:10, Pg.: 392 

20. Invaluable Tears:

Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S.) said (to Masma',
 one of those who mourned over Imam Husain (A.S.)):

May Allah have mercy upon your tears! Do know that you are regarded as 
being of those who are deeply concerned about us and of those who are 
happy at our happiness and aggrieved at our sorrow.
Do know that you shall witness the presence of 
my fathers near you at the time of your death. 

Wasail al-Shia'h, Vol.: 10, Pg.:397

21. Scalded Hearts

Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S.) (while sitting on the prayer mat prayed 
for themourners and those going for the ziarat of 
the Ahlul Bayt ( A.S.) as follows):

O' Lord, have mercy upon those eyes, which have shed tears in 
compassion for us; and upon those hearts, which have been restless and 
blistered for us; and upon those wailings, which have been for us. 

Bihar al-Anwar, Vol.:98, Pg.:8.

22. Tears over the oppressed state of the Shi'ites
Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S.) said:

He whose eyes shed tears for our blood which has been shed, 
or for our rights which have been usurped, or for the humiliation meted out 
to us or to one of our Shi'ites, Allah shall accomodate him 
in paradise for a long time. 

Amali al-Shaikh al-Mufid, Pg.: 175.

23. Weeping of the Sky for Imam Hussain (AS)
Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S.) said:

O' Zurarah! The sky had cried for forty days 
over (the martyrdom of) Hussain ( A.S.)

Mustadrak al-Wasail, vol. 1, pg. 391

24. The Holy Prophet (pbuh&hp) and weeping over the Martyrs
Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S.) said:

After the news of the martyrdom of Ja'far Ibn Abi Talib ( A.S.) and 
Zaid Ibn Harithah (RA) reached the Holy Prophet (pbuh&hp), whenever he 
entered his house, he would weep profusely for them and say:'' They 
used to converse with me and were intimate with me and (now) both of 
them have departed together''. 

Man La Yahdhuruhu al-Faqih, Vol.: 1, pg.: 177.

25. High status of the mourners of Ahlul Bayt (AS)

Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S.) said:

The breath of one who is aggrieved upon the injustice and oppression 
subjected to us, is tasbeeh (glorification of Allah), and his 
oncealing our secrets, is jihad in the path of Allah. 
The Imam (A.S.) then added: 
This tradition ought to be written in gold.

Amali al-Shaikh al-Mufid, pg.: 338.

26. Angels mourn Imam Hussain (AS)
Imam Jafar Sadiq ( A.S.) said:

Allah has appionted to the grave of Imam Husain (A.S.),
 four thousand anguished and grief-stricken angels, 
who weep over him (and shall continue to do so) 
up to the Day of Judgment.

Kamil al-Ziyaraat, pg.: 119.

27. Weeping over Imam Hussain (A.S.)
Imam Ali Reza (A.S.) said (to Reyyan Ibn Shabib):

O' Son of Shabib! If you have to cry over something, 
then do so over Hussain Ibn 'Ali ( A.S.) for surely, 
he was slaughtered in the manner in which a ram is slaughtered.

Bhar al-Anwar/ Vol.: 44/ pg.: 286.

28. Gatherings in remembrance of the Imams
Imam Ali Reza (A.S .) said:

He who sits in a gathering in which our affairs (and our path and aims) 
are discussed and revived, his heart shall not die on the day (Day of 
Judgment) when hearts shall die (of fear). 

Bihar al-Anwar Vol.: 44, pg.:278

29. Benefits of weeping over Imam Hussain (A.S.)
Imam Ali Reza (A.S.) said:

Those who weep should weep over the likes of Hussain (A.S.) 
for surely, weeping over him does away with one's great sins. 

Bihar al-Anwar, Vol.: 44/ pg.: 284.

30. Forgiveness of Sins

Imam Ali Reza (A.S.) said:

O' Son of Shabib! Should you weep for Hussain (A.S.) in the measure 
that tears roll down your cheeks, Allah would forgive all the sins 
committed by you, whether they be the great sins or the small sins and 
whether they be meagre or immense. 

Amaali al-Saduq, pg.:112.

31. Intimacy with the Progeny of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh&hp)
Imam Ali Reza (A.S.) said (to Ibn Shabib):

O' Son of Shabib! If it makes you happy (and you desire) 
to be with us in the elevated ranks of paradise, 
then be sad in our grief and happy at our happiness. 

Wasaail al-Shia'h, Vol. 14, pg. 502

32. Day of Ashura
Imam Ali Reza (A.S.) said:

One who refrains from seeking his (worldly) desires on the day 
of Ashura, Allah shall grant him his desires of this world 
and the hereafter. 

Wasail al-Shia'h, vol. 14,pg.504.

33. Reward for the Pilgrim of Imam Hussain (A.S.)
Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S.) said: 

The zaair (pilgrim) of Imam Hussain (A.S.) turns back (from his 
pilgrimage) such that not a single sin remains upon him.

Wasail al-shia'h, vol. 14,pg. 422.

34. Imam Hussain (A.S .) seeks forgiveness for his Pilgrims 
(Regarding someone who goes for pilgrimage to the shrine of Imam 
Hussain (A.S.): 

Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S.) said: 

One who weeps for Imam Hussain (A.S.), surely, the Imam ( A.S.) 
observes him and seeks forgiveness for him and requests his holy 
fathers to (also) seek forgiveness for him.

Bihar al-Anwar vol. 44,pg. 281

35. Intercession on the Day of Judgment :

The Holy Prophet (pbuh&hp) (said to Syeda Fatimah (A.S.): 

On the Day of Judgment, you shall intercede for the ladies and I shall 
intercede for the men; every person who has wept over the tragedy of 
Hussain ( A.S.), we shall take him by the hand and lead him into 

Bihar al-Anwar vol. 44,pg. 292.

36. Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S.) on Day of Ashura

A'bdullah Ibn Sinaan says:

I arrived in the presence of my master, Imam Sadiq (A.S.) 
on the day of Ashura and found him pale and grief-stricken, 
with tears streaming from his eyes like falling pearls.

Musadrak al-wasail,vol.6, pg. 279. 

37. Neither angels nor prophets:

The Holy Prophet (pbuh&hp) said:

(On the Day of Judgment, a group would be seen in the most excellent 
and honourable of states. They would be asked if they were of the 
Angels or of the Prophets. In reply they would state): "We are neither 
Angels nor Prophets but of the indigent ones from the ummah of Muhammad 
( S.A.W.)". They would then be asked: "How then did you achieve this 
lofty and honourable status?" They would reply: "We did not perform 
very many good deeds nor did we pass all the days in a state of fasting 
or all the nights in a state of worship but yes, we used to offer our 
(daily) prayers (regularly) and whenever we used to hear the mention of 
Muhammad (pbuh&hp), tears would roll down our cheeks". 

Mustadrak al-Wasail, vol. 10, pg. 318.

38. Visiting the shrine of Imam Hussain (A.S.):

Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S.) said:

He (Imam Husain) sees those, who come to his shrine and he knows them 
by their names, their father's names and their ranks in the eyes of 
Allah, The Glorious, better than you know your own children! 

Wasaail al-Shia'h, vol. 14, pg. 422.

39. Prophet Isa (Jesus) (A.S.) weeps for Imam Hussain (AS)

Imam Ali (A.S.) said to Ibn A'bbas:

(Once when he happened to pass by Karbala), Isa Jesus ( A.S.) sat down 
and began to weep. His disciples who were observing him, followed suit 
and began weeping too, but not comprehending the reason for this 
behaviour, they asked him:"O' Spirit of God! What is it that makes you 
weep?" Isa Jesus ( A.S.) said: "Do you know what land this is?" The 
disciples replied: "No." He then said: "This is the land on which the 
son of the Prophet Ahmad (pbuh&hp) shall be killed.

Bihar al-Anwar vol. 44,g. 252. 

40. All creatures weep over Imam Hussain (A.S.):

Abu Baseer narrates that Imam Muhammad Baqir (A.S.) said:

The humans, the jinn, the birds and the wild beasts (all) mourned and 
wept over (the tragedy which befell) Hussain Ibn Ali ( A.S.)

Kaamil al-Ziyaraat, Pg. 79.

Presneted by Hassan Ali